Thermoluminiscence is often used when no other method is available, mainly because there are restrictions to its application, and its precision is rarely better than /- 10% of the age of the sample. This is especially important at sites where written records cannot offer chronological references, either because they cannot be found or because they remain undeciphered.
A famous example is on the island of Crete, where Arthur Evans was able to date the excavation of the Palace of Knossos based on imported Egyptian artefacts that were found there, including pottery, allowing the researchers to extend the Egyptian chronology into Crete.
The use of ovens added new possibilities to the development of pottery.
Around the same time, some areas of South America were also developing pottery technology.
The earliest recorded evidence of clay usage dates back to the Late Palaeolithic period in central and western Europe, where fired and unfired clay figurines were created as a form of artistic expression.
As early as 30,000 years ago, we can also see evidence of some experimentation with clay: at a site known as Dolni Vestonice (Czech Republic), figurines made of clay mixed with crushed mammoth bone were found.